The aviation industry, represented by the Air Transport Action Group (ATAG), has been advocating for a market-based measure in the form of a mandatory global offsetting scheme. ATAG Executive Director, Michael Gill, says that the global aviation dialogues are a vital tool to help build consensus amongst governments: “In 2009, the aviation sector became one of the first to develop a global climate framework, based on three goals and underpinned by four pillars of climate action.”
“The development of a global carbon offsetting scheme for aviation is crucial if aviation is to meet its climate obligations, whilst also continuing to meet the economic and connectivity growth desired by many countries around the world. The successful Paris Agreement on climate change provided positive momentum for discussions at ICAO, which already has its own mandate and well-established programme for addressing aviation and climate change.”
The GLADs continue what has been over two years of intense discussions, with negotiators trying to find the balance between environmental and political acceptability.
“This is the first time any sector has attempted a global market-based measure and the industry firmly supports the ICAO discussions. We urge all governments to come together, find solutions to the remaining negotiating points and look forward to a positive outcome at the ICAO Assembly in September. A global carbon offsetting scheme is a key element of a comprehensive package of measures to address aviation’s climate impact.”
Ahead of the GLADs, the ICAO Secretariat published a draft proposal for the design of a global market-based measure.
“The draft proposal delivers much-needed impetus to the discussions. Although negotiations between governments will continue over the details of the agreement, this draft is a significant and welcome step. We urge governments to keep in mind the principles of simplicity, environmental integrity, cost-effectiveness and the need to avoid market distortion as they shape the agreement. Whilst we understand the political sensitivities of these talks, the industry would like to see an agreement with broad coverage of aviation emissions.”
“The recently-agreed CO2 Standard for new aircraft provides an example that ICAO can make historic progress on aviation and climate change. The ICAO Assembly offers the opportunity to do so again with a global offsetting scheme. It is very important that the global offsetting scheme is understood as just one of the four pillars of climate action which also include the introduction of new technology including sustainable alternative fuels; better operational practices; and improved infrastructure which must be delivered in partnership with governments.”
“In the meantime, the industry is continuing the significant work already underway to reduce aviation’s carbon dioxide emissions and to meet our industry goals, as demonstrated in ATAG’s Aviation Climate Solutions report released in September last year. We are already exceeding the short-term efficiency goal, whilst putting in place the technology and alternative fuels strategy to achieve our long-term goal to halve industry CO2 emissions by 2050. The mid-term goal, for carbon-neutral growth from 2020, requires the global carbon offsetting scheme to be developed at ICAO and the whole industry is firmly pushing for that outcome – as evidenced by the industry’s recent open letter to governments.”
The air transport industry will be urging governments to secure the agreement in September, through a series of industry events, the global aviation dialogues and at the official negotiating sessions.