Who volunteers for CORSIA

CORSIA

As part of the negotiations for the offsetting scheme, governments have decided to make the first part of CORSIA from 2021 until 2026 voluntary. The aviation industry is encouraging all countries to volunteer for the scheme as early as possible. As of 19 March 2019, 79 states, representing 76% of international aviation activity, have done so. While emissions from all international flights must be reported to states, only emissions from flights between volunteering countries will be subject to offsetting initially.

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There are a number of reasons why states should volunteer to participate in the initial stages of CORSIA. Firstly, taking the political decision to volunteer sends a strong signal to the rest of the world that the state is willing to show climate leadership. It also increases the effectiveness of the scheme by ensuring that more flights are covered. However, there are other more practical benefits to volunteering. With more states participating, the demand for offsets will grow, driving investment in developing countries where many of the offset projects are located. Volunteering also allows both states and airlines to gain early experience of carbon trading, while the costs of the scheme are low.

See the full list of CORSIA volunteers here:

Albania
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Cameroon
Canada
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cyprus
Czechia
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Dominican Republic
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Estonia
Finland
France
Gabon
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Guatemala
Guyana
Hungary
Iceland
Indonesia
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Kenya
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malaysia
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mexico
Monaco
Montenegro
Namibia
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nigeria
Norway
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Serbia
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Zambia
CORSIA and the EU ETS

CORSIA is a global scheme, in comparison with the regional scope of the European Union emissions trading system (EU ETS). As a result, CORSIA will result in a greater CO2 reduction in international aviation overall than EU ETS.

The EU has been instrumental in the adoption of CORSIA, so it is crucial that it implements CORSIA on the basis of the required agreements.

If the EU were to exclude international flights within the European Economic Area (EEA), or subject international flights to both EU ETS and CORSIA, this would give the wrong signal to other groups of countries that they could also detract from CORSIA by implementing regional or bilateral agreements. Such arrangements may not offer the same environmental benefits as CORSIA and the EU ETS, and would result in a patchwork of regulatory measures. All parties are seeking to avoid this situation through the adoption of a global ICAO mechanism.