The aviation industry supports 65.5 million jobs around the world. Some of these people work within the industry itself and other jobs are provided by the economic activity that air travel supports. The following section outlines where these jobs are created.
10.2 million direct jobs
Around 10.2 million people work directly in the industry itself. These jobs are in the following areas:
- Airport operators: 525,000 (work for the airport operator).
- Other on-airport: 5.6 million (retail, car rental, government agencies such as customs and immigration, freight forwarders and some catering).
- Airlines: 2.7 million (flight and cabin crews, executives, ground services, check-in, training, maintenance staff).
- Civil aerospace: 1.2 million (engineers and designers of civil aircraft, engines and components).
- Air navigation service providers: 233,000 (air traffic controllers, executives).
According to research by Oxford Economics, these jobs are, on average, around 4.4 times more productive than average jobs around the world.
10.8 million indirect jobs
These jobs include those in suppliers to the air transport industry. For example, aviation fuel suppliers; construction companies that build airport facilities; suppliers of sub-components used in aircraft; manufacturers of goods sold in airport retail outlets; and a wide variety of activities in the business services sector (such as call centres, information technology and accountancy). Over 10.8 million indirect jobs globally are supported through the purchase of goods and services by companies in the air transport industry.
7.8 million induced jobs
The spending of those directly or indirectly employed in the air transport sector supports jobs in industries such as retail outlets, companies producing consumer goods and a range of service industries (such as banks and restaurants). Worldwide, 7.8 million induced jobs globally are supported through employees in the air transport industry (whether direct or indirect) using their income to purchase goods and services for their own consumption.
36.7 million jobs in tourism
Tourism is fast becoming the world’s largest industry and air transport plays a very important role in supporting this sector. Conservative analysis suggests that aviation supports 36.7 million jobs within the tourism industry. Click here for some information on the role aviation plays in supporting the global tourism sector.