From the SDGs: Relevant targets

8.2) Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors.

8.4) Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead.

8.5) By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value.

8.6) By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training.

8.7) Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms.
8.8) Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment.

8.9) By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.

From the SDGs: Aviation-relevant indicators

8.5.1) Average hourly earnings of female and male employees, by occupation, age and persons with disabilities.

8.8.1) Frequency rates of fatal and non-fatal occupational injuries, by sex and migrant status.

8.9.1) Tourism direct GDP as a proportion of total GDP and in growth rate.

8.9.2) Number of jobs in tourism industries as a proportion of total jobs and growth rate of jobs, by sex.

Did you know?

Air transport supports over 63 million jobs worldwide and $2.7 trillion to global GDP, 3.5% of the global total.

Relevance to aviation

As well as providing skilled and often high-value employment opportunities, aviation supports some key areas of economic development through the connectivity it provides. This includes transporting around a third of world trade by value and 54% of global tourists.

Examples of action

  • French aerospace manufacturer, Safran, has been running operations in Mexico for over 20 years, providing jobs and supporting economic growth in the country.
  • Engine manufacturer, Rolls-Royce, is investing in a new facility in Bangalore, India, which will employ 500 people by the end of 2017.
  • Honeywell Aerospace launched a $100 million investment fund in May 2017 aimed at supporting technology start-ups, mainly in the aerospace field.
  • Canadian aircraft manufacturer, Bombardier Aerospace, operates a manufacturing facility in Morocco, creating jobs in the country.
  • Aviation is responsible for supporting roughly 5.2% of Kenyan GDP.
  • Commercial aviation in the United States is responsible for 5% of GDP, while contributing less than 2% of domestic greenhouse gas emissions.
  • The Airbus International Framework Agreement provides a framework for the respect of social rights in all countries where the company operates. Airbus also reaffirmed its commitment to combatting modern slavery through its Modern Slavery Act statement.
  • ICAO promotes the delivery of efficient and comprehensive air navigation services through the globally-planned initiatives set out in its Global Air Navigation Plan.

How governments can assist

  • Ensure that aviation and tourism are part of economic development planning – aviation can be a key driver of sustainable development.
  • Ensure that joined-up thinking is used across planning for infrastructure, tourism, trade and transport. Aviation can be a catalyst for other sectors and should be incorporated into national and regional development plans.