SDG 15: Life On Land
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests,
combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
From the SDGs: Relevant targets
15.2) By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally.
15.7) Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products.
15.8) By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.
15.c) Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities.
From the SDGs: Aviation-relevant indicators
15.2.1) Progress towards sustainable forest management [in relation to use of REDD+ credits for the CORSIA]
15.7.1) Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked
Did you know?
Airlines and airports are working with environmental groups and law enforcement to try and reduce the ability for wildlife traffickers to transport their illegal goods.
Relevance to aviation
Not normally seen as an area of major aviation impact, but some aviation projects can have an impact on land use – particularly building of infrastructure and potentially the use of sustainable aviation fuels. In addition, a number of aviation partners are involved in projects that help support this SDG.
Examples of action
- Singapore Airlines works in partnership with the Harapan Rainforest Initiative, which aims to restore and protect one of the world’s most threatened and biodiverse ecosystems.
- Chicago’s O’Hare is one of a number of airports that keep apiaries on their grounds, increasing pollination in the surrounding areas and used as a ‘biomonitor’ for air quality.
- The aviation sector is working with partners in government and conservation organisations to combat the illegal wildlife trade. Through the United for Wildlife Transport Taskforce, the International Air Transport Association and Airports Council International are working to raise awareness of the illegal wildlife trade among employees and passengers.
- Bombardier participates in a long-term partnership to protect the Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve, near its manufacturing site in Querétaro, Mexico.
- The aviation sector is working through ICAO to ensure sustainable aviation fuel is produced in a sustainable manner, minimising negative land-use impacts.
- Sydney Airport works alongside partners to preserve biodiversity in the greater Botany Wetlands, of which Sydney Airport’s grounds make up part.
- Finnair is supporting Project Manondroala, which helps combat the loss of forest cover in Madagascar.
How governments can assist
- Ensure long-term land-use planning and district zoning is a key component of any national or local development plans.