SDG 13: Climate Action
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
From the SDGs: Relevant targets
13.2) Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning.
From the SDGs: Aviation-relevant indicators
13.2.1) Number of countries that have communicated the establishment or operationalization of an integrated policy/strategy/plan which increases their ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change, and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development in a manner that does not threaten food production (including a national adaptation plan, nationally determined contribution, national communication, biennial update report or other).
13.3.2) Number of countries that have communicated the strengthening of institutional, systemic and individual capacity-building to implement adaptation, mitigation and technology transfer, and development actions.
Did you know?
The average flight today will produce around half the CO2 that the same flight would have in 1990, thanks to collaborative effort through new technology and better operations.
Relevance to aviation
All sectors of the aviation industry have agreed on a robust strategy for reducing CO2 emissions and are making excellent progress working towards three global climate goals. In October 2016, the UN International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) successfully agreed on the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), which will enable the industry’s shared goal of carbon-neutral growth. In the long-term, aviation aims to halve its net CO2 emissions by 2050, using 2005 as the baseline. This will be achieved through the development of new technology, commercialisation of sustainable aviation fuels and more efficient navigational infrastructure.
Examples of action
- The entire aviation industry has agreed on a climate action plan for the short, medium and long-term.
- Each new generation of aircraft is on average 15-20% more fuel efficient than the generation it replaces.
- Airports Council International (ACI) runs the Airport Carbon Accreditation programme, which certifies airports on carbon reduction efforts.
- Oslo Airport, operated by Avinor, became the first airport to offer sustainable aviation fuel to all airlines.
- In 2016, ICAO agreed a CO2 Standard for new aircraft.
- NATS, the UK air traffic management provider, assesses its efficiency performance by grading each flight it manages with a ‘three dimension inefficiency score’, which leads to better performance and a reduction in emissions.
How governments can assist
- Volunteer to join the ICAO CORSIA from the initial stages. This will ensure greater coverage for the scheme and more financing to climate projects (in particular in developing countries).
- Promote integrated partnerships between industry and government in the commercialisation of sustainable aviation fuel, research and development of aircraft technology, more efficient air traffic management infrastructure and integrated transport links to airports.
- Ensure consultation between industry partners and government regulators in developing inputs to the ICAO State Action Plans.