SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities
Reduce inequality within and among countries
From the SDGs: Relevant targets
10.1) By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average.
10.2) By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status.
10.b) Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
From the SDGs: Aviation-relevant indicators
10.7.2) Number of countries that have implemented well-managed migration policies
Did you know?
Whilst not everyone today is able to use air transport services, since 1970, the real cost of air travel has been reduced by over 60%, making connectivity available to more people.
Relevance to aviation
The connectivity provided by air transport reduces inequality between countries, as well as individuals, through creating trade links and providing access to goods and services for those in remote communities. The democratisation of air travel has also meant that air services are available to more people than ever. Aviation-supported tourism can also have a vital role to play and is notable for the opportunities it can offer for economic activity at a local level, including high proportions of women and youth participation .
Examples of action
- ATNS, the South African air navigation service provider, runs a bursary programme for trainee air traffic controllers, addressing inequalities in education.
- Airways New Zealand runs the First Foundation scholarship, which funds young people with limited financial resources to attend university for four years. It is open to students intending to study a career in engineering from disadvantaged areas.
- Brisbane Airport has published a guide for people with dementia using their facilities. This guide, developed with researchers, helps make the journey through the airport less intimidating and Cork Airport has developed a guide for people with autism to help them and their families prepare for the airport experience.
- ICAO launched the ‘No Country Left Behind’ initiative to assist States that continue to face challenges developing aviation policies, plans and programmes.
- Sydney Airport has set up a Diversity Council, to ensure that the workforce is made up of people of different backgrounds who bring a range of skills, style, attributes and experiences.
- Aviation is a vital connector in the Maldives islands, not only to other countries, but between domestic islands. This connectivity fosters employment and economic growth.
How governments can assist
- Collaborate with industry, international development partners and other stakeholders to develop transport solutions – including intermodal connectivity and transport corridors – for States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries.
- Inefficiencies in visa requirements could also be addressed through partnerships between governments and industry, making air travel more easily accessible to a wider section of the public and generating more economic growth.